Total: 5, Slaves were tied to each other so that they could not escape while being transported. (2) It still exists today, but is no longer a vegetable garden. The soldiers were armed and they defeated the slave group. Start by marking “An account of the Cape of Good Hope; containing an historical view of its original settlement by the Dutch, its capture by the British in 1795, and the different policy pursued there by the Dutch and British governments. Many slaves were talented and skilful people in their home countries and were forced to move away from families and friends. He was very light- skinned, and many people thought he was white. They were Huguenots, who were French Protestants who had been persecuted (treated cruelly and unfairly) by the Catholic government of France. Evidence of these skills can still be seen in the Cape Dutch buildings and architecture built at that time. Later the same year another ship arrived with more slaves. Central to ensuring a stable supply of refreshments and meat … 1. People could make a lot of money from this, so some groups of people started wars just so that they could take slaves. A map showing where slaves came from. The Cape became a meeting place for sailors and a useful port of call where messages could be exchanged. It was called the Fort de Goede Hoop and the four bastions, made of mud and stone, were named after Van Riebeeck’s other four ships: Drommedaris, Reyger, Olifant and Walvis. It was the gradual dispossession of local Khoikhoi pastoralists by early Dutch settlers that opened up the area for European settlement. (1) SA Art Appreciation It will develop auditory and comprehension skills as well as the ability to search, sift and find answers in a written text.3. Click here for more South African History File Folder Projects, Cambridge Realising that a traditional theme book project can be overwhelming for young children, even with help and supervision, we have created this printable file folder project to make learning easier! It was common for farmers to send their slaves to work on other farms where slaves then worked as hired labour. Have a blessed season. Image source. What does DEIC stand for? Two organised but small uprisings of slaves took place in the early 1800s, when the Cape was under British rule. The building, known as the Castle, still stands today. Some were sold into slavery by their families, if the family was poor and could not afford to survive. Van Riebeeck was appointed the leader of this expedition. Many others were fishermen. An aerial view of the Castle in Cape Town Image source. The hands-on activities are fun and develop fine motor skills.4. The VOC realised that the company could not produce enough food for the passing ships so they allowed some of their people to set up their own farms. The Dutch were also Protestant, and they offered the Huguenots a new home where they could be safe. When the sailors eventually got back to Holland they gave the DEIC or VOC (Vereenigde Oost Indische Compagnie) wonderful reports about what they had seen at the Cape – plenty of water, … Sometimes slaves sold and bartered goods for their masters in the town. Slavery was illegal in Holland; so on their way home to Holland they sold their slaves at the Cape. They were extracted from the lower and least successful classes of Dutch and German society. Its influence also lasted long after the abolition of slavery in 1838. Free Curricula For the slaves, their religion, Islam, was a way of life. Most people who became slaves were captured in war and then sold to slave traders. The Cape was colonised by the Dutch East India Company, better known as the VOC (short for Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie) in the mid-17th century. Sometimes, the slaves resisted or fought back against their harsh owners as they did in the American South, but it was difficult to get together in groups in order to do this. Homeschool E-business, Homeschool Events Those slaves who came from the East brought the religion of Islam to the Cape. On 6 April 1652, Van Riebeeck dropped anchor in Table Bay. He set out along with his wife, Maria (nee de la Quellerie) and about 90 others, from Texel, Holland on the Drommedaris, his flagship, the Reyger and the Goede Hoop. Slavery was abolished in 1834. Homeschool Questions Jan Van Riebeeck was born in the Netherlands in 1619. After a brief reversion to the Dutch in the course of the Napoleonic wars, it was retaken in 1806 and kept by Britain in the post-war settlement of territorial claims. In April 1652, Jan van Riebeeck arrived at the Cape with 100 men and women, including his wife Maria de la Quellerie. They would sell some of their slaves while they were there. (1) At its inception, the population stood at 20,016, of which 10,560 were white. Afrikaans Language Arts (1) Slaves were bought and sold at DElC slave auctions (sales) and private auctions. P.P.S. The slaves brought, to Cape Town, their own music, language and design (clothes and art), which was rich in colour and different to the 'Cape Dutch' style. Cape Town was founded by the Dutch East India Company or the Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (VOC) in 1652 as a refreshment outpost. It's too expensive. In 1647, the Haerlem, a Dutch trading ship, was shipwrecked in Table Bay. Two more supply ships, the Olifant and the Walvis followed shortly after. The expansion of the Dutch settlement into the south-western Cape and the Cape interior led to the disintegration and impoverishment of the Khoesan. The cape was a good place where ships could stop to be refueled. However, the Dutch East India Company (VOC) settled the area as a location where vessels could restock water and provisions. What causes scurvy? From 1961 to 1991 it was used as a maximum security prison. At first, the local Khoikhoi were prepared to work from time to time, helping in the gardens and doing other manual (physical) work. AFRICA had no farming. Slaves were not allowed to gather outside the entrances of church buildings during services. Olympiads Slave owners could use harsh punishments like whipping, starving and forcing slaves to work very long hours. When Jan van Riebeeck arrived at the Cape, he was forbidden by the Dutch to enslave any of the local people. The Dutch wanted to produce vegetable and fruits for the ships which sailed to India. Abstract. Children can be creative and add their unique touch to their projects.6. The Cape came under VOC rule from 1652 to 1795 and again from 1803 to 1806. Any children born to slaves were owned by the slave owners. All orders placed between 15 December - 5 January will be processed when we re-open in the new year. What is seen today as the first geographical indication in South Africa, came about when Van der Stel AFRICA had no farming. For example:  baie- a lot; piesang- banana; blatjang- chutney; sjambok- whip, Free burghers: The Dutch and French Huguenot immigration to the Cape. The most famous prisoner during that time was Nelson Mandela. They had to pay any wages they earned to their owners. (1) 1. It hoped that the French would be part of this group. Find on a map Japan, Taiwan, and China – the places where Van Riebeeck worked before coming to the Cape. Sponsored by the West India Company, 30 families arrived in North America in 1624, establishing a settlement on present-day Manhattan. Tutors It has been used in various ways over the last 400 years: it has served as a hospital for lepers as well as for insane and very ill patients. In 1651 the Lords Seventeen decided to establish a permanent trading station at the Cape. When they got close to Cape Town, they were met by a group of soldiers. Here are some of them: All slaves had to be indoors by 10 pm and if they were not, they had to carry a light if they were on the streets. Slavery affected the economy of the Cape, as well as the lives of almost everyone living there. Image source. The DElC offered work at the Cape to both Dutch and French citizens. The slaves came from many different places and did not have one common language. The creative possibilities are endless. Parent Books Reasons for the Dutch settlement at the Cape The Portuguese had been successfully controlling the Indian Ocean trade by themselves. This situation led to conflict with the indigenous people. (Temperate and cool climate). They marched to Cape Town, gathering over 300 slaves and Khoikhoi servants along the way. Traders bought the goods and the slaves in the east and took them all to Europe or the Americas to trade. Reasons: DEIC permanent settlement at the Cape 1652. These people were called ‘Boers’, the Dutch word for ‘farmer’. Some of the work activities that slaves did in the home. Children love to learn by doing!5. List the names of the 5 bastions (projecting parts) of the Castle. Altogether, 20 rebels were sentenced to death. South Africa - South Africa - British occupation of the Cape: When Great Britain went to war with France in 1793, both countries tried to capture the Cape so as to control the important sea route to the East. Only the larger farms had special slave lodges. Then they fled into the mountains nearby. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Here they could replenish their supplies of water, fruit, vegetables and meat. The introduction of Free Burghers to the Cape is regarded as the beginning of a permanent settlement of Europeans in South Africa and the inception of the Boer people. There were also farmers outside the town. Give your opinion as to why slaves were not brought overland from Mozambique to the Cape. The original fort, built of mud, clay and timber, no longer exists, but a more permanent brick, stone and cement castle was built near to the fort some years later. Later, they did not trust the Dutch and did not want to work for them at all. In 1795, the British occupied the Cape as a strategic base against the French, controlling the sea route to the East. Among the initial reasons for their leaving the Cape colony were the English language rule. Some slaves heard that this was going to happen, and rebelled because they believed that they would be given their freedom earlier. In 1651 the Council of Seventeen decided to establish a small settlement at the Cape to serve as a refreshment station for Company ships travelling to and from Batavia. The DEIC already used slaves in other settlements so the Dutch decided to bring them to the Cape as well. Free Printables It was used for military purposes during the Second World War. What was Robben Island used for by Van Riebeeck’s men? Dismiss, (you must select SAVINGS if your bank has CURRENT as the default account type or the payment might fail), Ages 12-16 Footprints into the 21st Century, South African History File Folder Projects. You have nothing to lose as you have 8 weeks in which to request a 100% refund if The Dutch at the Cape is not everything you expect it to be! This began the process of colonization of the Cape, Natal and eventually the whole of South Africa. SA Board Game The Dutch recognising the value of the refugees, encouraged the French families to seek new homes in Dutch settlements. Many slaves came from the East. They hunted seals, penguins and wild animals. The style and flavour of 'Cape Malay' dishes is very distinctive. Later, free citizens of the town and farmers in the countryside were also granted the right to own slaves. Later, slaves came mainly from countries along the Indian Ocean trade route because the Dutch East India Company was, by then, allowed to trade only along the East Coast of Africa and with countries in the East. The DEIC (Dutch East India Company) in the Netherlands was set up in 1602 to trade. The headquarters of the Company were in Batavia on the island of Java and so the Cape was a convenient half-way stop for ships sailing from Holland. His first task was to build a fort for protection against attackers and the weather. Some could not afford to pay a debt, so they were enslaved as a payment of the debt. Total: 5. Jan Van Riebeeck wrote the following in his diary: "I don't want to use our soldiers and sailors for agricultural work and seal-catching. Image source. On these voyages, many of the sailors died from a disease called scurvy. 2. Buy now using the Clickbank Secure Servers. Name 6 places from which slaves were captured and brought to the Cape. Galant was a slave owned by a cruel farmer named Van der Merwe who beat his slaves and treated them very badly. What are the reasons for the Dutch settlement at the Cape?-. After the permanent settlement of the Dutch from 1652, however, the Khoesan became increasingly resistant to the presence of Europeans. Email Wendy the title of the lapbook you wish to order at gaviny@mweb.co.za, 2. A mini-book project enables children to work with small bits of information that can then be arranged onto a file folder to create a complete project. The locals don’t want to work for us. GED They faced lives as miserable as their parents', with very little hope of escape. Some learnt new skills or used those they had learnt in their own countries and worked as cart drivers, bricklayers, builders, painters, carpenters, shoemakers, tailors and boat builders. They captured 327 of the rebels and put 47 of them on trial. (3) In South Africa under Dutch settlement, there was a shortage of labour, especially on the wheat and wine farms. b The Huguenots constitutes a out one-sixth of the then white population. Traditional Cape Malay foods and recipes such as bobotie, bredies and samoosas have become part of South African culture and tradition. French Huguenots arriving at the Cape. They could own land and slaves, and these people played an important role in the development of the Cape. The largest group of South African Muslims (followers of Islam) is still found in the Western Cape. It was very difficult for slaves in the Cape to lead normal family lives. In this ebook, we supply you and your students with reference information, instructions as well as the printable templates to make a series of mini-booklets on each sub-topic. Before any settlement was established at the Cape, many ships called in at Table Bay for refreshment. The Portuguese named the area the Cape of Storms. RICHMOND, VA—The Dutch East India Company established a small settlement at what is now Cape Town in 1652. As well as being cruelly punished, slaves were forced to live by some very strict rules. Their success attracted competition especially from the Dutch and the English. Buy The Dutch at the Cape now and enjoy all the benefits of a file folder project. Reason For Dutch Settlement In Cape Town. They stopped at the Cape to get fresh water and food. (1) These countries included India, the East Indies, Mozambique, Madagascar, Japan, Guinea and Angola. However, they needed more workers to plant gardens, build houses and run the refreshment station America 1624. 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