I would be delighted to receive corrections as well as additional referenced uses.. used in semiconductor technology for making infrared detectors, diodes, and Hall-effect devices Antimony reacts with in air and form trioxide antimony: 4 Sb (s) + 3 O 2 (g) → 2 Sb 2 O 3 (s) (Flame is Bluish white). Antimony – Periodic Table – Atomic Properties Antimony is a lustrous gray metalloid, it is found in nature mainly as the sulfide mineral stibnite. Antimony is a poor conductor of heat and electricity, it is stable in dry air and is not attacked by dilute acids or alkalis. I've melted and cast this stuff (see next two samples) and it's really quite an odd metal to cast, probably because it's right on the line between being a metal and not a metal. And the mineral hardness of Antimony is 3 Mohs. Its monatomic form (H) is the most abundant chemical substance in the Universe, constituting roughly 75% of all baryonic mass. An example of the element Antimony: Sample Image; Bulk Commercial Grade. All antimony compounds are highly toxic. Phosphorous, Arsenic, Bismuth and Moscovium are the other elements in the nitrogen family. Antimony was discovered by Basil Valentine of Germany in 1450. The chemical symbol for Hydrogen is H.. With a standard atomic weight of circa 1.008, hydrogen is the lightest element on the periodic table. The melting point of Antimony is 904 Kelvin (631 ℃). Two allotropic forms of antimony exist; the usual stable metallic form and the amorphous gray form. Comprehensive data on the chemical element Antimony is provided on this page; including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known nuclides of Antimony. Antimony. Hazards and risks associated with antimony: Antimony compounds are encountered rarely by most people. The elemental classification of Antimony is Metalloids, and it belongs to group 15 and period 5 in the Periodic Table of Elements. Atomic number of Antimony is 51 and it is indicated by the symbol Sb. ASCII PERIODIC TABLE OF THE ELEMENTS Sb Relative atomic mass: 121.760 +- 0.001 English: Antimony French: Antimoine Croatian: Antimon German: Antimon Italian: Antimonio Spanish: Antimonio Atomic number: 51 Group numbers: 15 Period: 5 Standard state (20 o C): solid Discovery: - - Antimony has been known since ancient times. Antimony trioxide (Sb 3 O 2) Antimony pentafluoride (SbF 5) Antimony tribromide (SbBr 3) Interesting facts: Nicolas Lemery described it first in 1707. No data for any oxides of antimony. It is a hard, brittle, silvery-white semimetal that is stable in dry air. It rarely occurs free in nature. It belongs to the nitrogen family. Properties . It is used in some alloys, particularly in hardening lead for batteries and type metal, and in semiconductors. Antimony is a chemical element of the periodic table with chemical symbol Sb and has atomic number 51 with an atomic mass of 121.76 u and it belongs to the element category metalloid. Antimony is found in stibnite (Sb2S3) and in valentinite (Sb2O3). Complete and detailed technical data about the element Antimony in the Periodic Table. Extra videos -- Our YouTube Channel -- Sixty Symbols (physics) -- Numberphile (maths) -- Facebook -- Twitter -- Email This is nice clean bulk grade antimony metal, in the form of broken polycrystalline lumps. Its monatomic form (H) is the most abundant chemical substance in the Universe, constituting roughly 75% of all baryonic mass. Fully descriptive writeups. Compare Antimony vs Phosphorus of the Periodic Table on all their Facts, Electronic Configuration, Chemical, Physical, Atomic properties. The chemical symbol for Hydrogen is H.. With a standard atomic weight of circa 1.008, hydrogen is the lightest element on the periodic table. At red heat, Reacts with water and form Antimony (lll) oxide: Sb reacts slowly at ambient temperature. It is a lustrous, silvery, bluish white solid that is very brittle and has a flaky texture. Common chemical compounds are also provided for many elements. The following uses for antimony are gathered from a number of sources as well as from anecdotal comments. It occurs chiefly as the gray sulfide mineral stibnite. Its ores are widely distributed. Metalloids are elements that are neither purely metal nor non-metal. It is often found in other ores such as silver, copper, and lead. Table. Antimony. Areas covered include atomic structure, physical properties, atomic interaction, thermodynamics, identification, atomic size, crystal structure, history, abundances, and nomenclature. Antimony is a metalloid element. Interactive periodic table with up-to-date element property data collected from authoritative sources. Antimony compounds have been known since ancient times and were powdered for use as medicine and cosmetics, often known by the Arabic name, kohl. Hydrogen is a chemical element with atomic number 1 which means there are 1 protons and 1 electrons in the atomic structure. Antimony (Sb, atomic number 51) is a toxic chemical element. Illustration about Antimony is a chemical element with symbol Sb from Latin: stibium and atomic number 51. Antimony, a metallic element belonging to the nitrogen group (Group 15 [Va] of the periodic table). Description and origins of Antimony Goblets, a sample of the element Antimony in the Periodic Table. It is found also as heavy metal antimonides and as antimony oxides ... showing periodicity of the logarithm of the abundance in the earth's crust of the chemical elements as a heat map on a periodic table grid. Illustration of square, gray, element - 155334278 It is a bluish-white metal with a flaky crystalline texture and metallic luster. >> show more Our antimony page has over 240 facts that span 110 different quantities. Periodic Table of the Elements: Antimony Atomic Number: 51 Atomic Symbol: Sb Antimonyantimony [Lat. Metallic antimony is extremely brittle. Antimony in the form of Antimony(III) sulfide, Sb2S3 was known to the ancients as early as about 3100 BC and was used by them as an eye cosmetic. Image showing periodicity of the logarithm of the abundance of the chemical elements as a cityscape on a periodic table grid. It is classed among the group of metalloids. But antimony helped me see what a glorious mishmash the periodic table is, and that even its most obscure corridors have stories to tell. Periodic Table of Elements Element Antimony - Sb. Antimony exists in many allotropic forms. Chemical Reactions. Its monatomic form (H) is the most abundant chemical substance in the Universe, constituting roughly 75% of all baryonic mass. Hazards and Risks. Hydrogen is a chemical element with atomic number 1 which means there are 1 protons and 1 electrons in the atomic structure.The chemical symbol for Hydrogen is H. With a standard atomic weight of circa 1.008, hydrogen is the lightest element on the periodic table. Other metalloids include boron, silicon, germanium, arsenic, and tellurium. All values of lattice energies are quoted in kJ mol-1. Element 51 of Periodic table is Antimony with atomic number 51, atomic weight 121.76. Each entry has a full citation identifying its source. Visualize trends, 3D orbitals, isotopes, and mix compounds. Antimony compounds cause severe liver damage. This was included because historically, ancient Egyptians used stibnite (antimony and sulfur) to line their eyes. Hydrogen is a chemical element with atomic number 1 which means there are 1 protons and 1 electrons in the atomic structure. Interactive periodic table showing names, electrons, and oxidation states. Discoverer. 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